Kingdom Animalia
Click to hear the call  Click to watch the video
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Columba
Species livia
Classification J. F. Gmelin, 1789
Common name rock pigeon
Size 30 - 35 centimeters
Wing Span 63 - 70 centimeters
Male weight 230 - 370 grams

Geographic Range it is a native of Asia, Africa, Europe and Middle East; it is widespread all over the world.
Physical Characteristics it has violet iridescent feathers, green and yellow on the neck. The male and the female look alike, but male is more iridescent on the neck than the female. Adults have orange-reddish eyes, while young that are less than 6-8 months old have brown eyes. The colour of the paws ranges from red to grey. Feathers and plumage can have different colours (chestnut, black, white). The bill is dark, the head, the neck and the upper part of the breast are dark grey. The back, the wings, the belly are light grey. Wings have two dark bars formed from the dark tips of the secondaries.
Behaviour both the male and the female produce a special substance called "pigeon milk" with which they feed their young during the first week of life; it is produced in a part of their digestive system. When the young are one week old, parents begin to regurgitate some seeds together with milk: in this way seeds begin to substitute milk in the diet of the pigeons. It has a very good sight and it can see both colours and ultraviolet light. It can hear very low frequency sounds. They are monogamous and the pair remains the same all life long.
Habitat cities, villages; it occupies rocky and building hollows.
Food habits seeds, insects, grass.
Nidification it usually builds its nest on covered building projections (for example roofs), using small twigs. The male brings to the female the material necessary to the nest-building one piece after the other, and the female builds the nest. The female usually lays two white eggs and can have up to 4-5 clutches. Parents take turns during the incubation of the eggs: the male usually remains in the nest during the day, the female at night. Eggs hatch after about 20 days and young are fledged after 25 days.

References Cornell Lab of Ornithology
USDA - Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Web References http://birds.cornell.edu/
Source of the photo http://persweb.direct.ca/blevins/rockdove.htm
Source of the call http://birds.cornell.edu/
Source of the video http://www.rspb.org.uk/

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