||eastern Atlantic, British Isles, from the
straits of Gibraltar up to Cape Verde, around the Canary Islands, Mediterranean.
||oval, high body, compressed on the flanks.
Rather protruding jaw compared to the mandible. Strong teeth suitable to
break sea-shells and the shells of crustaceans. Pectoral fins are long,
the abdominal ones are much shorter. The caudal fin is divided into two
lobes, with grey-green shades. The body is grey with light blue-golden glints
on the back and silver glints on the flanks. The gilthead seabream can be
recognised by a more or less visible red spot between eyes.
||sedentary fish, it lives alone or in small
groups. It tolerates level of salinity ranging from 20 to 45‰ and
that is why it may move to lagoons and estuaries to find food in spring.
In winter it takes shelter to reproduce in the deepest layers of the sea
in order to avoid low temperatures, which it cannot bear.
||soft, brackish, salt water. It is found on
phanerogame prairies and on sandy bottoms.
||it is mainly carnivorous; it feeds on crustaceans
including mussels and oysters.
||while growing up each gilthead seabream changes
sex: until two years they behaves as males, afterward they become females.
Males reach sexual maturity at two years of age, females at 3-4 years. They
reproduce in the sea between October and December, eggs are spherical and
|Status in the lagoon
||fishfarms (Dogà, Grassabò, Cavallino,
Lio Maggiore, Paleazza, Perini, Serraglia, Averto, Contarina, Cornio Basso,
Zappa, Figheri, Pierimpié), lagoon between the channel Malamocco-Marghera
and Giudecca island.