||native to southern Europe and western Asia.
||small, usually thorny shrub or small tree
that can grow up to 6 meters. . Leaves are 4 - 9 centimeters long, alternate,
lence-shaped, gray-green. On the underparts leaves are covered by a white
patina that protects them from excessive transpiration. The bark is thin
with shallow fissures and exfoliates into long strips. It flowers in the
late spring with little white flowers. The root system is well-developed.
||it is tolerant of considerable amounts of
salinity and alkalinity, even if it prefers sites with low to moderate concentrations
of soluble salts. It grows best in deep sandy or loamy soils.
||agricultural areas, riverbanks, stream courses,
||seed dispersal occurs thanks to animals, but
it can propagates also from vegetative structures. Plant starts producing
seeds and fruits starting from the third year.