Kingdom Animalia
Click to hear the call  Click to watch the video
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Ploceidae
Genus Passer
Species domesticus
Classification Linnaeus, 1758
Common name house sparrow
Size 15 - 16 centimeters
Wing Span 25 centimeters
Male weight 30 grams
Female weight 30 grams

Geographic Range it is widespread all over the world; it is native to Eurasia and North Africa.
Physical Characteristics grey forehead and grey upper part of the head: the back part of the body is brown with black streaks. The breast and the belly are dark grey. The beak is dark, while paws are light brown. Wings are brown with a white band. The male has white cheeks and a black bib that distinguishes the male from the female.
Call its call can be heard all year round even if less frequently in August and on cold and rainy days.
Behaviour it often lives in populated colonies, it does not migrate in winter, but it moves in flocks inside its region. It is humans' fellow guest and therefore it strictly depends on human presence. Though it is a gregarious bird it defends aggressively the territory around its nest. Males defend the nest from other males and females from other females.
Habitat it prefers habitats near men's houses.
Flight their flight is direct, with continued flapping of wings.
Food habits is omnivorous, it mainly feeds on insects, shoots, seeds, fruit.
Nidification it builds a nest in very different places, usually in hollows located at some height from the ground. The nest is made up of straw, tufts of wool and so on. It sometimes occupies the nests of swallows, after having sent away the birds that previously owned them. The female lays from 3 to 8 eggs that are brooded by both parents for 13-14 days. Initially the young are fed with insects larvae and afterwards with food regurgitated by parents. At the age of 17 days the young can leave the nest. Soon afterwards parents build a new nest and there may be up to 4 clutches a year.

References Oiseaux.net
University of Michigan - Museum of Zoology
Web References http://www.oiseaux.net/
Source of the photo http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu
Source of the call http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu
Source of the video http://www.hbw.com/ibc/

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