Kingdom Animalia
Click to hear the call  Click to watch the video
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Remizidae
Genus Remiz
Species pendulinus
Classification Linnaeus, 1758
Common name eurasian penduline-tit
Size 11 centimeters
Wing Span 16 centimeters
Male weight 8 - 11 grams
Female weight 8 - 11 grams

Geographic Range the areale of the Penduline-tit goes from Sweden to Denmark and from Southern Germany to the Black Sea and towards East to the Urals. It is found in Spain, France, Italy, Greece and Turkey too.
Physical Characteristics it is a small bird; the upper parts of the body are rust brown, the head is grey. The adult has some large black bands on the upper part of the head and around eyes; the lower parts are brown and cream. It has a very sharpened and short beak. The female has lighter back and breasts, while the young doesn't have black parts and it is uniformly light brown.
Call chirruping but quiet, it is heard only for a very short time.
Behaviour it is a polygamous bird: after having built the nest, the male attracts there the female, and when she is busy brooding the eggs, the male starts to build another nest and to court another female.
Habitat soft and brackish water environments, with beds of reeds and arboreal, riparian vegetation (willows, poplars, tamarisks). It can also be found on trees, hedges, bushes near or projecting on water.
Alimentazione insects, spiders and a few seeds.
Food habits the Mediterranean and Caucasian populations are mainly resident; the most northern ones are migratory. In Italy it is usually non-migratory, while the northeastern population migrate towards Southwest, and many of them spend winter in our country too.
Nidification the nest is built in spring by the male generally near the water, with animal or vegetation fibres, shreds of webs and plumed seeds of plants, especially water plants. It has the shape of a leaning flask with a facing down opening, and it hangs from a tree. It is filled with pappus of willows and poplars. When the job is over the male digs a side opening that leads to a corridor with elastic walls and which closes after he has passed through it, preventing any possible predator from entering the nest. The female lays 5-8 white eggs from April to May. She is the only in charge with the care of the eggs, which lasts about 14 days. The chicks, fed mainly by the female, stay in the nest for about three weeks.
Status in the lagoon it nests along the wooded banks of water courses, in the fish farms, in the reclaimed areas (Casse di Colmata).

References Pájaros de Espańa - Información sobre su identificación, nidificación, alimentación, hábitats, canto y tamańo
Reteambiente - progetto editoriale di Edizioni Ambiente - Milano
Le Aree Umide della Toscana Settentrionale
Atlante degli Uccelli Nidificanti in Provincia di Venezia - a cura di M. Bon, G. Cherubini, M. Semenzato, E. Stival - Provincia di Venezia, Assessorato Caccia e Pesca.
Web References http://www.fortunecity.com/greenfield/macdonalds/296/index.html
Source of the photo http://www.ut.ee/biodida/e/
Source of the call http://www.misu.su.se/
Source of the video http://www.hbw.com/ibc/

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